When does our dog or cat get sick?
In the context of informing each pet owner on matters relating to the care, nutrition, education and general management of his or her beloved partner in order to promote their health and well-being, we consider it very important to be able to recognize the symptoms of small children early our friends when they are ill, so that they can be presented to the vet at a time when any treatment approach has a positive and beneficial effect. By no means do we imply that the owner's diagnostic and therapeutic role of the physician is substituted, rather than being helped first by careful observation of any symptoms as early as possible.
Initially, we should be concerned about any change in our dog's or cat's normal daily behavior. Sudden lethargy, sluggishness, refusal to eat, impotence, refusal to play, reluctance to walk, indifference to our return home, isolation tendency or even unnecessary irritation and aggression are signs of anxiousness that should be our anxieties.
Excretions from the eyes (tears), nose and mouth (mucus, saliva) may indicate respiratory or digestive tract infections. Equally alarming are the persistent coughing, vomiting and unjustified change of tone of voice, or even amnesia. The predominant symptoms also of digestive system diseases are diarrhea or constipation. Curvature of the spine usually means abdominal pain or even colic. Scratchy movements of the anterior or posterior limbs may be the result of a lack of support due to arthritis or bone disease, but also a point of hypoglycaemia, hematocrit decline and general weakness.
Changes in the color of the skin or hair, as well as asymmetric or excessive loss of cloak, are also reasons that should lead us to investigate their causes. Sudden tremors during sleep can be the result of fatigue and dreams, but also fever chills.
Swelling, sores, pimples, and irritations, usually something they want to tell us. Oral, ear, or body odor may mean stomatitis, otitis, or dermatitis, respectively.
Sudden fatigue during riding and cyanosis of the mucous membranes (blue tongue), especially when accompanied by cough, are heralds of circulatory or respiratory diseases.
Changes in the frequency of urination, the amount and color of the urine, and the refusal of cats to use the toilet may be due to some urinary tract disorder. Excretions from the urethra of males, usually purple or smelly, as well as from the vagina of females or indifference to sexual impulses and the absence of estrous cycle in females, should concern us in the direction of diseases of the genital system.
However, there are cases where chronic disease is suspected, but not for some time accompanied by obvious symptoms (starvation, hoarseness, diarrhea, etc.). For this reason, an annual routine monitoring of the animal's condition is required.
Living organisms are designed to keep their structure organized and functioning stable. The ability to maintain this stability (homeostasis) is the indicator and measure of their health. Any disorder of the aforementioned stability is expressed by the presence of pathological symptoms and is now what we simply call "disease". So, with a focus on "health", let's move on with optimism by drawing and delivering love through our relationship with our loyal friends. Having only smiles painted on our faces, which are, after all, indisputable indicators of "health"!